How to play Golf: Golf Lessons, Golf Tips and Golf Video Instruction for Beginners

The Basics on Golf Balls

Some numbers and facts first: A golf ball has a size limit of 1.68 inch. in diameter (almost all balls nowadays are 1.68 in diameter), it must not be heavier than 1.62 ounces, and the golf ball must be round (can you believe it?!).

Golf's biggest advancements have come via dramatic improvements in ball construction. Compared to 30 years ago, today's golf ball travels farther, rolls longer, doesn't lose its round, flies straighter, and won't split its cover if you look at it wrong. Precisely engineered dimple patterns have allowed manufacturers to alter everything from trajectory to spin rates. As a result of these breakthroughs, players now have the opportunity to choose and play the best ball for their games. More below...

Titleist Pro V1 Golf Balls

Titleist Pro V1 Golf Balls

Titleistís new Pro V1 Golf Ball is packed with exclusive performance-oriented features that make it the ultimate in design for use by pros in the PGA golfing circuit. A winner hands-down among serious golfers looking for power backed performance; the new and improved Pro V1 combines some of industryís key technologies. Featuring large and softer multi-component core, speed-enhancing ionomer casing and a soft urethane elastomer cover with a dimple pattern, it promises superior coverage than the original version. Striking the Titleist Pro V1 golf ball triggers a blend of faster initial velocity, low spin and higher launch producing a flatter ascent and covering greater iron distance.
Click the picture for details on the Titleist Pro V1 Golf Balls.

Callaway Golf HX Tour

Callaway Golf HX Tour

The Callaway HX Tour golf ball features a razor thin Urethane cover and larger inner core that allows for longer distance and sensational control. The resilient rubber core provides low spin and high speed on long fairway shots, while affording soft touch and feel around the green. The smooth hexagonal dimple design on the HX Tour golf ballís outer cover delivers tour-level flight stability with exceptional distance.
Click the picture for details on the Callaway Golf HX Tour Golf Balls.

Nike Juice 312

Nike Juice 312

Nike biochemists spent years of frustrating trial and error in their search for pharmaceutical grade distance. The lab soon developed a raw form of Juice that revealed a psychokinetic bridge between the musculature of the golfer, the response capabilities of the golf ball and the emotional reaction to a golf shot well struck. In the endless search for perfect contact, Juice was the cause and awe was the effect. Today, Juice is a completely safe and consistent ingredient of total golf game satisfaction. It is 100% naturally synthetic, 200% organically industrial, with 300% free-range rubber. Thatís 600% of pure performance!
Click the picture for details on the Nike Juice 312 Golf balls.

Wilson Titanium Straight Distance

Nike Ignite Golf Ball

In Wilson's patented formula, Titanium bonds the core materials into a cohesive unit. This transfers all of the energy from the club in the same direction at impact.

- 2-Piece Construction
- Surlyn Cover
- Titanium Core
- Maximum energy transfer. Maximum initial velocty. Maximum Distance.

Click the picture for details on the Wilson Titanium Straight Distance.

Traditional three-piece wound ball
The Basics on Golf Balls
(Synthetic) Balata, litium and Surlyn covers have allowed wound balls to be played by those looking for both distance and high spin.

Years ago, everyone played with a soft, easy-cutting, natural rubber, balata-covered ball--whether you were a scratch player or a 25 handicap. Today, you're lucky to have numerous choices. However, options don't necessarily make things easier. In fact, finding the right ball for your game can be confusing. Rather than have you spend hours researching your options, we did it for you.

Ball Types

There are two main classes of balls: spin, and distance.

Spin: Designed to provide 'workability' over distance, they are often of three-piece construction. A central core (liquid in the highest spin balls) is surrounded by rubber windings, which is often covered with a thin, soft material called urethane or synthetic balata. These balls spin more, making them easier to draw or fade, and they hold the green. They also have a softer feel but won't travel as far as distance balls. These are the balls of choice for many touring professionals, they already have the distance but need good workability. Popular examples of multilayer balls are the Titleist Pro V1x and the Nike One.

Distance: Their cover is typically Surlyn (a durable, very firm material) or a Surlyn blend and are generally two-piece with a solid core. The inside of the distance ball is a firm synthetic material. The combined firmness of the cover and core allow the ball to travel longer distances and be very durable. However, these balls don't spin a great amount. Less spin means less control and stopping ability in certain cases. These have a harder feel than balls with wound construction. These are the balls of choice for the 'general' golfer like you and me as we need the distance and don't have (yet) the ability to work the ball like the pros. The Precept MC Lady and the Maxfli Noodle are two very popular examples of this category.


Synthetic 'Balata': A polyurethane blend that provides a balata-like responsiveness with Surlyn-like cut resistance. Usually combined with wound construction for the ultimate combination of soft feel and better control. Generally used in todays high-end balls.

Surlyn blends: A hard, tough-to-cut cover offering less feel but more durability. Gives more distance but less maneuverability at a good price. A popular choice for beginners.

What We Recommend

Most novice players should try two-pice balls that use a more durable cover so that mis-hits don't ruin the ball's roundness and flight characteristics. Click this link to check out the current Best Deals on Golfballs.

Advanced players should try to stay away from (synthetic) Surlyn covered two-piece balls, which don't offer as much feel and lack the ability to "work" the ball. Try a few different balls in the appropriate category for you and find one that makes you feel lucky. Confidence is half the battle!
You may want to check out the website for more info and suggestions on balls.

Our Best Tips

Determine which compression is best for you.
Compression is a measure of how hard the ball may feel--the higher the compression number the harder the feel (and the less it compresses during impact). A common misconception among players is that a 100-compression ball always flies farther. This is not true. Clubhead speed, rather than compression, is most important to distance. For some golfers, a lower-compression ball will fly farther. In fact, many of todays touring pros prefer a lower compression of about 80 for the added 'feel' rather than just distance.

Determine if you like two- or three-piece balls.
Today, spin rates are a function of cover softness rather than construction. Still, a two-piece ball generally produces more distance and less spin, while a multi layer (three-piece or four-piece) ball gives you more feel and additional spin. A three-piece ball often flies higher than a two-piece as well, because spin is what causes a golf ball to lift.

Pick a ball that suits your level of play.
If you mis-hit or top the ball a lot, you're not going to want an easy-cutting ball. Conversely, if you're a scratch player, you're not going to want something that feels hard and gives you less spin and control--even if it won't cut.

Choose a ball that fits your budget.
Golf is an expensive sport. Some balls cost more than $5 a piece. Find the right ball for your budget. Often similar balls--of the same construction--vary greatly in price. Be conscious of this. Generally, urethane covered balls cost more, while the (synthetic) Surlyn covered balls cost less.

Consider the material.
While most two-piece balls have a synthetic core that varies only in softness, some companies are now adding exotic materials such as tungsten and titanium. Companies claim that because these exotic materials are dense and the center of gravity is more centrally located, the balls spin more. Some companies use these materials in ball covers, promising added feel and distance. Other companies use multilayer construction. These are higher-priced balls generally made with synthetic covers. They provide a good combination of durability, soft feel, and consistency.

Myths About Golf Balls

More dimples mean a higher trajectory.
Not true. The optimum number of dimples on a golf ball is between 350 and 450. Trajectory is determined by the dimple's depth--not the number.

Golf balls travel farther when they are warm.
Somewhat true. Colder temperatures do decrease a ball's velocity more than warm temperatures; although, the air temperature affects distance much more significantly than the temperature of the ball. The moral of the story is don't bother putting the ball in the oven before teeing off. Your pocket will do just fine. A two-piece ball will have a little faster initial velocity off the clubface in cold weather, so keep that in mind next time the frost is on the ground.


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